This guest blog post comes from holistic vet, Dr. Joyce Harman, who offers tips to keep your horse healthy during summer grazing. Read more about her here.
Summer brings changing responsibilities for us horse owners. You might change out troughs more often to keep your horse’s water cool and fresh, or you might cold hose him on those brutal August afternoons to bring a bit of relief. What you might not do, though, is think about the hidden dangers of summer grass.
Most horse owners believe their horses are only at risk for grazing-associated laminitis during the spring and early summer when grass growth is most intense. But the truth is, we need to remain vigilant all summer long, as sugar content in the grass changes with the weather.
All horses, but particularly those with metabolic issues, are susceptible to fructans, a type of sugar, in the grass. If these sugars pass into the hind gut before they’re digested, they can kick off a process that will cause laminae to fail, leading to a laminitic attack. Metabolic horses also have a difficult time using glucose, or sugar, as fuel and store excess sugar as fat.
To keep your horse safe and healthy on summer grass, follow these suggestions:
- Don’t overgraze. Most horse owners don’t realize that the greatest concentration of sugar in grass lies in the three inches closest to the ground. If you allow your horse to overgraze, he’s getting way more than his fair share of sugar.
- Tall, course grass is less rich, so your horse can safely eat more. However, with the tall grass, they can get much more in each mouthful, so allowing free access can still give them too much to eat.
- Grab a muzzle. Muzzles allow a horse to behave normally in the pasture in terms of exercise and socialization without running the risk of over-grazing.
Harmany Equine’s state-of-the art muzzle that is totally customizable, from molding it to a horse’s head shape to determining how much, or how little, grass is available to a horse. The muzzle is made of a medical grade plastic with Kevlar® fibers, making it much lighter than other available muzzles without sacrificing durability. Learn more here.
- Watch the weather. Though most bouts of laminitis happen in spring and early summer when grass growth is most intense, the weather plays a large role in the sugar content of the grass.
– Typically, your horse is safest with the standard hot, dry weather that’s common in the mid-late summer months.
– Grass that’s stressed (either overgrazed or in a drought) will be high in sugar.
– Rain leads to rapid plant growth (and increased sugar content), particularly after a drought.
– Unseasonably cool temperatures (either a dip in the evening or several days of much below-average temperatures) will increase sugar content in grass.
- Strategize turnout. On a typical summer day, fructan levels in the grass peak around during the sunniest part of the day, slowly declining throughout the evening, and hitting the lowest point in the late evening/early morning hours. If you want to maximize your horse’s healthy grazing, let him out to graze just before you head to bed, then bring him back in early in the morning.
- Assess your horse. If you see your horse multiple times daily, you’re much less likely to notice unhealthy changes in his body until it’s too late. Consider using a weight tape every 10 to 14 days to ensure he remains at a healthy weight. If he’s gaining, adjust your grazing plan accordingly.
- It’s also a good idea to feel his fat pads (neck crest, croup, ribs, tail head, etc.) weekly. If the texture of the fat changes from soft and pliable to hard and lumpy, he needs to lose weight.